Water treatment plant manufacturers have provided a procedural system of purifying, cleaning and disinfecting water to their clients and customers so that the conduct could be attained by less difficulty and more convenience. The plants of water treatments are incomplete without a procedural laboratory that works at the back to check and test the performance of the systems and the quality of the end product in the account of its safety for drinking purposes. These labs test all the properties as well as the characteristics of the purified water and proclaims that whether the cleaned or purified water is safer to drink or not. The water testing process is a sequential procedure that takes time and careful monitoring of all the gauges and scales of the plant so that every parameter and its magnitude could be examined separately.
Aside from the process of monitoring the water treatment plants are run in accordance with a well-defined and sequential procedure that enables the operators to get the collected water from the nature in it purified and clean form by getting treated by the system.
The process of water disinfection and cleaning is a routine that needs to be followed timely. However, certain steps shouldn’t be missed while purifying water through water treatment plants, as every single step has its peculiar importance and can never be compromised. These steps include:
- Pre-chlorination: before getting the collected water proceeded for the RO plant the water gets chlorinated so that all the germs, biological growths, and infectious organisms or particles become intoxicated within the water.
- Aeration: in addition to the process of pre-chlorination, the aeration also has to be conducted because initially, the water sample contains additional amounts of iron and other elements that need to be separated by combining them with other elements so that effective and nontoxic chemical reaction could take place and the excess iron could get eliminated.
- Coagulation: This process removes sand particles from the water samples.
- Sedimentation: to remove all the big solid particles, sedimentation is done.
- Filtration: filtration through sand beds is done to clean the water completely from all the solid particles whether small or large.
- Disinfection: this step includes water softening and killing all the germs and intoxicants from the water.