Plastic is all around us.Most consumer products in our daily lives are plastic, for example bottles, dishes, or even part of the human body like false teeth. These plastic products have been impacting the environment, human health, and animal lives for a long time. Consequently, the worrisome problems lead a Thai university study the human use of plastic in order to raise their self-awareness of plastic use and decrease the negative effects of plastic.
Plastic is ubiquitous and scientists are concerned about the harm it might be causing humans, animals and the environment. According to Knoblunch (2009), plastic’s wide range of unique properties has propelled it to an essential status in society since the mass plastic production began in the 1940s. In 2010, more than 300 million tons of single-use plastic and plastic had been produced worldwide. Human absorbed chemicals from many types of plastic that affect their health and alter hormones. For instance, people who drank water through polycarbonate bottles had detectable levels of bisphenol A (BPA) in their urine. Meanwhile, animals are also in danger with plastic debris. According to the report, fish, turtles, and marine mammals have been documented to ingest plastic debris. In addition, the ubiquitous plastics have big effects to the environment. Knoblunch demonstrated that long-lived plastic that floating in the water serves as mini transportation devices for invasive species which disrupt habitats. Furthermore, the disposable packaging like bottles and bags that buried deep in landfills can leach harmful chemical which spread into groundwater. In conclusion, the negative effects of plastic affect the health of the planet, including human, animals, and the environment.
Thirty two Thai university students participated in a project to explore personal use of plastic and plastic’s effect on humans, animals, and the environment. The sampling frame was obtained from daily personal use in three specific areas; plastic bags, bottles, and straws. Firstly, participants were required to spend a time in the first data collecting for five-day. After that, the participants were educated by videos and academic articles about the negative effects of plastic. The second data collecting takes place before the participants answered the research’s questions. Finally, each participant knows the amount of personal use of plastic, the average amount of the group use, and the negative effects.
After the project, the participants’ awareness of the amount of plastic use and the negative effects of plastic were changed. The average use of plastic bags, bottles, and straws which early indicate in 3–1.2–1 were decreased to 2–0.75–0.72. Before participating in this study, over 47 percent of the 30 students were aware of the negative effects of plastic while students who very aware were zero and students who not very aware were 40 percent. After the study, the average point of students who were very aware increased to 20 percent and students who not very aware were half decreased. In purifying the evidence, on a scale of zero to ten, over 37 percent of the participants thought that taking part in this study had an influenced daily use of plastic.
In conclusion, single-use plastic and disposable plastic are the main source of plastic pollution. The items had been causing problems for the environment, human, and animal since the mass plastic production began. The attempt to raise human awareness of plastic use which take part on university students successfully change the plastic manners. The one of the powerful ways to preserve the earth is the world citizens aware of plastic use like the participants who decrease the personal use of plastic. The evidence certainly shows that human self-awareness of plastic use can be a key to save the planet’s health.